OxyContin is not only a formal name for oxycodone, it is a time-released pain medication that contains oxycodone. Oxycodone (also under Roxicodone and Oxycentin brand names) is a depressant of the opiate class. It is the same opioid that’s in Percocet, Oxycocet and Endocet, and doesn’t contain acetaminophen, which is the drug in Tylenol (taking a lot of acetaminophen makes people sick).
Strength and dosage
Oxycodone is anywhere from 7 to 12 times stronger than codeine, and about 0.3 to 2.2 times the strength of morphone, depending on the way the drug is used. OxyContin lasts for about 12 hours, but only part of the Oxycodone is released when the pill is taken. The rest of the drug is coated to slow down its release into the body, which is the reason it relieves pain for so many hours. It should be taken as prescribed by a medical doctor, and one should not break, chew, or crush it, because it is a sustained-release tablet. It must be swallowed whole, and may be taken with food to lessen GI upset.
Oxycodone has been used successfully to reduce pain from dentistry, surgery, cancer, and osteoarthritis (a painful disease of a person’s joints). The drug is also used as a sedative and as a cough suppressant. It is sometimes prescribed for “restless leg syndrome,” an affliction in which persons keep moving their arms and legs around. The drug has also reduced tics associated with Tourette’s syndrome.
Oxycodone can relax people and at times even create euphoria. Some researchers speculate that oxycodone’s euphoric effects may improve patients’ sensation of pain relief, making the substance more effective for that purpose than a drug that lacks euphoric effects. The drug works as an antidepressant for some persons. Blood levels from a given dose of oxycodone tend to be about 25% higher in females than in males. The cause is unknown, but the difference apparently has no impact on medical usage.
Oxycodone side effects include nausea, vomiting, constipation, itching, sweating, sleepiness, reduced sex drive, general weakness, impairment of breathing, and momentary low blood pressure when a person stands up. One study found the drug to impair breathing more than various other opiates do, and in another study, doses of oxycodone had to be stopped lest the volunteers be harmed by further breathing difficulty. Normally the drug should be avoided if a person suffers from pancreatitis, enlarged prostate, difficulty with urination, or poorly functioning thyroid or adrenal glands. Experimenters have demonstrated that the drug reduces physical and mental abilities needed for driving automobiles.
Oxycodone appears in breast milk and is potentially toxic to an infant. Avoid breastfeeding.
A brief video introduces oxycontin vs oxycodone and this website, but the hidden gems are the related videos at the end which closely match this website’s content.
- Don’t crush or chew OxyContin before swallowing it.
- Don’t crush and snort OxyContin.
- Don’t dissolve OxyContin in water and inject it.
- Don’t take OxyContin if you aren’t used to taking opioids.
- Don’t take OxyContin with other opioids, alcohol or tranquillizers (such as Valium).
- Don’t take OxyContin by yourself, with no one to help you if you overdose.
- Don’t take OxyContin soon after you withdraw from opioids.
Oxycodone overdose increases if you take oxycontin with other opioids, alcohol or tranquillizers. An overdose of oxycontin can lead to brain damage or death. Signs of overdose:
- difficult or slow breathing
- extreme sleepiness
Taken every day, your body will get used to the drug, and you may become addicted. Oxycodone addiction symptoms:
- you need more to get the same effect
Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms:
- muscle pain
- trouble sleeping and agitation – if you stop taking OxyContin all at once.
The drug’s potential for abuse is considered the same as morphine’s, and oxycodone is a sought-after product among opiate abusers.